Poverty in Sudan: The Oil Curse
The all-pervasive and desperate state of poverty in Sudan affects a population of 44 million inhabitants. With around 500 to 600 ethnic groups, the federal state of Sudan is the ethnically most diverse country in the world but also a pretty unstable one.
Poverty in South Africa: Resisting Globalization & Inequalities
The fight against poverty in South Africa is actually written in the country's own Constitution, to be carried out via social assistance. While it's certainly not the first time that a constitution doesn't match reality - it tends to be an expression of a nation's ideals - in this case, it is quite far off that picture.
Poverty in Nigeria: Rich Country, Poor People
Poverty in Nigeria has been a problem for more than 50% of the population in the past 10 years, with surges over 60%. In 1980 however a little less than 30% of Nigerians were living below the poverty line.
Poverty in Kenya: Unemployment, Child Labor & HIV
Poverty in Kenya is fuelled by a diversity of factors: unemployment, child labor, HIV/AIDS epidemic, and an education system in failure (among other delicacies). Nevertheless, this 39 million people country has been one of the few in Africa to do pretty well in the 1970s-80s in terms of covering basic needs, thanks to several useful policies and its smallholder agriculture.
Poverty in Ethiopia: Roads & Food Chains
Despite the government recently showing signs of efforts to tackle poverty in Ethiopia, the country is still faced with an extent of widespread poverty that highlights how much there is still to do (and build). With over 80 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa, and one of the poorest in the world.
Diseases in Africa: Malaria, Tuberculosis & New Challenges
A deadly cocktail of poverty and diseases in Africa is responsible for millions of deaths each year. And the worst part is that these diseases are often easily preventable. While many are tend to think that huge disease outbreaks affect the whole continent, many countries are perfectly fine, and very deadly so-called "silent" diseases (e.g. cardiovascular) are on the rise.
Causes of Poverty in Africa: Lost Continent or Land of Opportunities?
Decade after decade, politicians and international organizations have failed to tackle poverty in Africa. Nor have they been able to help generate growth or build basic infrastructure. Between 1975 and 2000 it was the only place on earth where poverty has intensified. Since then things have been changing - and fast - but some countries still struggle more than others.
Poverty and Famine in Somalia: The Root Causes
Famine in Somalia, just like poverty, is mostly man-made and thrives in times of conflict and unrest. What the past few hundred years have taught us is that without stability and peace there is a pretty dim prospect for any kind of development: economic, human or social. What is typical of the crisis, like the other Least Developed Countries (LDCs), is the extreme poverty its population lives in that worsens the situation.
Famine in Ethiopia: Of Wars, Droughts and Flawed Aid
After 25 years, famine in Ethiopia was looming again as early as 2000, leaving 6 million people at risk of starvation. As the situation got worse, only 2 years after the number climbed up to 14 million. When pledges of donations took 3 months to come, threatening thousands to die, the country was lucky (unlike others) to have its own food reserves while waiting for food aid.
Famine in Africa: The Failure of the World System
If famine in Africa was quite common at the beginning of the 20th century, it disappeared for decades until its coming back in the 70s. It’s only in the 1990s that the proper humanitarian aid framework was useful enough to prevent millions of deaths. Yet, foreign aid remains deeply flawed even while it proves vital in any food crisis.
Child Labour in South Africa & Sex Trafficking
Child labour in South Africa is a problem that can very quickly get out-of-hand. With nearly 1/3 of its population under 15 years old - nearly 15 million kids - if child labour is left unchecked and unchallenged, there is a risk that it spreads further across South Africa’s immense under-age population.